Depending on the severity of the condition, various therapies and interventions are used for the child. The most common among them are educational interventions, early interventions, behavioral and cognitive-behavioral interventions, family education, social intervention, and pharmacological treatments if needed.
Therapy and interventions are vital for a child who is diagnosed with Intellectual disability in order to lead an optimal independent life.
Some therapies that may be recommended are:
1. Special education: In Special education, Educable (or "educable intellectual disability") refers to children who have an intellectual disability with IQs of 50–75 who are academically capable of progressing in school. Children with Trainable intellectual disabilities have IQs below 50 but are capable of acquiring personal hygiene and other living skills. These words have been superseded in many places by the labels "moderate" and "severe" intellectual disability.
2. Speech therapy: Children with Intellectual disabilities often have a language delay, they do not communicate like their peers. Speech therapy will help the child improve their functional communication skills. Speech therapy also focused on improving the clarity of speech, social use of language, building peer interaction, etc. Speech therapists use play-based approaches to teach the child to communicate.
3. Occupational therapy: This helps the child improve their gross motor skills, fine motor skills. Children with Intellectual disabilities have difficulty performing activities of daily living. Occupational therapy will aim at helping your child carry out basic self-care tasks like wiping the nose, washing hands, toileting, feeding oneself, wearing clothes, and other activities of daily living.
4. Behavioral therapy: The psychologist/ mental health professional will teach your child ways to cope with the difficulties and to build good interpersonal relationships. ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) is a well-known therapy that aims at encouraging a positive change in behavior.
5. Vocational training: This is an excellent way to empower individuals with Intellectual disabilities. Teenagers with intellectual disabilities can be enrolled in vocational training programs. It trains them with the right set of skills and abilities required to obtain employment and sustain themselves in the future.
All the above-mentioned therapy services may not be recommended to every child with ADHD because each child is different and the presenting symptoms and needs vary from child to child. Please enroll your child in such therapies only if suggested by a practicing professional.