Intellectual Disability Guide

A. What is Intellectual Disability?

A. What is Intellectual Disability?

Intellectual disability is a developmental disability that is characterised by limitations in the intellectual ability and in the adaptive ability of the individual.

B. Types of Intellectual Disability

B. Types of Intellectual Disability

There are different degrees of Intellectual disability:​​

Mild ID: Individuals with mild Intellectual disability have an IQ of about 50-70. They can learn skills and live independently with the least amount of support from others.

C. Signs and symptoms of Intellectual Disability

C. Signs and symptoms of Intellectual Disability

Individuals with Intellectual Disability often have:​​

-Delay in sitting, crawling, walking
-Language Delay
-Problem-solving difficulties

D. Causes of Intellectual Disability

D. Causes of Intellectual Disability

Intellectual Disability can be caused due to multiple factors:​

Environmental factors: alcohol consumptions by the mother during pregnancy, exposure to toxins

E. Screening and assessment for Intellectual Disability

E. Screening and assessment for Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability is characterized by 3 main signs: ​​

Limitation in intellectual functioning

Limitation in adaptive behaviors in different environments

F. Treatment For Intellectual Disability

F. Treatment For Intellectual Disability

Depending on the severity of the condition, various therapies and interventions are used for the child. The most common among them are educational interventions, early interventions, behavioural and cognitive-behavioural interventions, family education, social intervention and pharmacological treatments, if needed.