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G. Activities and tips for Kids with Global Developmental delay

1. Visual schedule to follow a routine at home: This is a great way to organize your child’s schedule. Use pictures of the tasks that your child does throughout the day like brushing, bathing, eating, playing, sleeping, etc. Arrange them on a board or in a book in the order of the events. These pictures must be shown to the child as and when the child does the tasks. This acts as a visual cue to prepare the child for the task, it helps that child understand the order of events, and eliminates difficulties faced during the transition. Hand gestures and visual cue cards can help the child to understand better.

2. Avoid distractions: Keep the play area clean, organized, and away from distractions. Use 1 or 2 toys at a time. Bring the next toy once you have completed playing with the first toy. Having too many toys around can be very distracting, and the child will not be able to focus and complete the activity at hand.

3. Break down complex tasks into simple parts: For a child with ADHD complex tasks can be overwhelming, this leads to avoidance and distraction. So, break complex tasks into simple achievable units, and add an element of fun to tasks that do not excite your child.

4. Reinforce good behavior: Always state and appreciate good behavior immediately. This can be through verbal praise, claps, or treating them with a favorite activity/ food.

5. Ignore inappropriate behavior in a safe environment.

6. Turn taking activities: It is often very difficult for a child with ADHD to wait for their turn. They snatch toys, interrupt talkers because they do not know that they must ask or wait for their turn. Engage in activities like rolling the dice, fixing the blocks alternately, taking turns to throw the ball, Jenga, The statue game or Stop-Go game, etc

7. Activities to improve attention and concentration: Blowing bubbles, stacking rings, sorting toys, joining the dots (For more, check out Daffodil Health’s blog: 16 activities to boost your child’s attention)

8. Social stories: Short stories that describe social concepts and social skills, can be used to teach the child about various social situations. Social stories can be used to teach your child the concepts of listening, waiting, sitting tolerance, friendship, appropriate behaviors, good manners, good touch - bad touch, following rules, emotions, etc. You can look for social stories online or even make them up yourself based on your child’s need

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