F. Treatment of Cerebral Palsy

Doctors aim at identifying Cerebral Palsy as early as possible because early intervention is essential to obtain the best possible outcomes for infants with developmental disabilities. A team of medical and rehabilitation professionals creates a treatment plan for your child. This plan would include a combination of medical interventions and various types of therapies, assistive aids, and devices. If the child has seizures, the doctors may prescribe medication to control them. Medications may be prescribed for pain, muscle tone, stiffness, etc.

1. Physiotherapy: This type of therapy focuses on exercises that are essential to building your child's muscle strength, flexibility, and mobility. Therapists also guide parents on how to take care of their children. The child would be recommended to use leg braces, splints, walkers, wheelchairs, etc to aid mobility.

2. Occupational therapy: The therapist would work to help your child complete activities of daily living independently. Tasks like brushing, combing, buttoning, feeding, etc. Supportive devices like modified feeding utensils, modified clothing, mobility devices, etc may be used to make the tasks easier for the individual.

3. Speech and Language Therapy: This type of therapy is to improve your child's language abilities and clarity of speech. In cases of severe CP where the person cannot speak, Alternative Communication methods are used. These are non-verbal modes of communication like sign language, communication board, Picture exchange communication system (PECS), AAC devices like Avaz and Jellow, etc. Speech-Language Pathologists also help in the management of feeding and swallowing difficulties.

4. Behaviour therapy: In the presence of behavioral difficulties, the child may be referred to a psychologist for behavior therapy. Similarly, if the child has cognitive difficulties, poor social skills, etc therapy would be recommended.

5. Recreational therapy: Recreational activities like Sports, Horseback riding, painting, etc can be therapeutic hobbies. Children develop emotional skills and self-esteem through such activities. It is also an excellent way for children to socialize.

All the above-mentioned therapy services may not be recommended to every child with ADHD because each child is different and the presenting symptoms and needs vary from child to child. Please enroll your child in such therapies only if suggested by a practicing professional.