B. Types of Cerebral Palsy
- Spastic cerebral palsy: People with Spastic CP have increased muscle tone and stiffness. They often have jerky movements.
- Spastic Hemiplegia: This type of CP affects mobility in one arm, hand, and sometimes the leg on one side of the body
- Spastic Diplegia: This type of CP affects mobility and causes stiffness in the legs, while upper limbs and face are less severely affected.
- Spastic Quadriplegia: This type of CP is the most severe form, affecting all 4 limbs and other parts of the body, causing severe stiffness or floppiness and mobility issues.
- Flaccid/ Hypokinetic cerebral palsy: People with Flaccid CP, also known as Hypokinetic CP have decreased muscle tone and instability.
- Athetoid cerebral palsy: People with Athetoid CP have involuntary movements of their limbs, and sometimes facial muscles too.
- Ataxic cerebral palsy: People with Ataxic CP have poor balance and coordination. They walk unsteadily and have difficulty with tasks that require precision due to poor depth perception.
- Mixed cerebral palsy: People with Mixed CP have a mixture of symptoms of other types of CPs.
In addition to these types of CP, there are also several subtypes of each type, depending on the specific muscles and body parts affected by the condition. For example, spastic diplegia is a subtype of spastic CP that affects the legs more than the arms, while spastic quadriplegia affects all four limbs. An individual with CP may have more than one type or subtype of the condition.